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[ICNweb] Industry 4.0: just some media hype or the brave new world of production?

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First solutional approaches expected from the EMO Hannover 2013

 

This is not the first time a technical breakthrough was supposed to revolutionise the world of factories: we’re talking about computer-integrated manufacturing, or CIM for short. Derided by many as a CIMera. Around a quarter of a century later, we ask the scientist Prof. Dr. Thomas Bauernhansel, Director of the Institute for Industrial Manufacturing and Management (IFF) and the Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation (IPA) in Stuttgart, how far Industry 4.0 is just CIMera 2.0. Whether it will gain widespread acceptance or will remain just a bit of media hype, that’s a question to which as yet there is no definitive answer.


Be honest, when did you first hear of Industry 4.0, and what did you think of it?

Bauernhansel: It was in 2011, at a meeting of the Fraunhofer Production Matrix .We all started to google terms like cyber-physical systems, and tried to make sense of what could be meant by Industry 4.0. None of the production luminaries at this meeting had more than the vaguest idea. So the term was not coined by production experts, but comes from the fields of IT and artificial intelligence. Nonetheless, production technology experts had been working on it for a very long time.

 

Humans take charge of value creation

 

What’s the difference from CIM?

Bauernhansel: CIM was based on the assumption that we won’t be having people in the factory any more. The concept with CIM is that everything is highly integrated, and centrally controlled from a master computer. Here, humans now had merely an integrative function as planners and “commanders”. Industry 4.0 adopts an entirely fresh approach, focusing on communication, not integration. This means we have decentralised autonomous systems that communicate with each other, irrespective of the particular system and manufacturers involved. We say: the human being continues to play a central role in the factory, but a different one. He takes charge of the value creation process. And we are opting for data management in realtime. This means there’s no time-lagged data image in some central database. What happens is that the data are acquired in realtime at the places where they are currently being generated. In the context of control system technology, we’re talking about milliseconds here. In the context of planning and control, perhaps minutes or hours will suffice.

 

Industry 4.0 stands and falls with cyber-physical systems (CPSs). But there are experts who say they are often too expensive, not reliable enough and frequently overdimensioned. What’s your answer to one of these critics, who in fact comes from your own institute?

Bauernhansel: My respected colleague Alexander Verl has rightly remarked that ultimately we have to focus on the cost-efficiency of these systems. This critical approach is important, so as in particular to rein in those among the vendors concerned, meaning software firms or also machinery manufacturers, who are scenting business opportunities for themselves here. Ultimately, the system as a whole has to offer an advantage to the customer who is buying a product. At the moment, Industry 4.0 is being driven very largely by factory equipment producers and less by the customers. So there’s not a market crying out for it, but there is a technology that’s looking for an application. So what my colleague Alexander Verl is saying is not in contradiction to my own stance, because in the final analysis the thing has to be commercially viable.

 

Data security is a problem

 

Might it also be that many companies fear going into Industry 4.0 because they’re worried their data might be stolen from the cloud? What’s the story behind the “Virtual Fort Knox”, in which, according to the institute, “jointly used sensitive data are as safe as the USA’s gold reserves in the legendary stronghold of Fort Knox”?

Bauernhansel: There’s not going to be absolute data security in any system. It would be misleading to say security is going to be a huge problem, because security is already a huge problem now. Just as today we take the issue of security with the utmost seriousness, we shall take an equally serious approach when it comes to the issue of the cloud and concurrent users. And that’s precisely why we at the Fraunhofer IPA have launched the flagship project Virtual Fort Knox, in which we have taken a long hard look at everything: encoding and physical, communicative and organisational security: who is permitted to do what? Who has access and where?

 

What would you recommend in general? Should a cloud be located on the internet or rather in a firm’s own intranet?

Bauernhansel: Each company has to find its own compromise, and then decide: what data will I not be putting on the net, and what data will I be putting on my own net? What data will be located in the private cloud and what knowledge for the customers and vendors on the public cloud?

Let me return for a moment to CIM, which only began to be more widely adopted after standardisation. An expert from the automation sector has told me that standards for Industry 4.0 are a real turbo-boost for many activities, but the road to achieving a standard is very long and rocky. What’s your view on this?

Bauernhansel: We’re not all that far away from standards: from a technical viewpoint, the problem of standardisation has already been very largely solved in some fields. The actual problem is more the aspirations of firms who want to set these standards. Here we have to cultivate a community spirit. Even the major protagonists in this issue have to rethink their approach and say: yes, perhaps it makes sense that we have standardisation and openness here, assuring everyone of access to the internet of things and services. After all, it’s no use to anyone if at the end of the day we have several different internets of things dominated by large companies. Only with a standardised system will new business models evolve, able to develop their full benefits for the end-user as well.

 

The German Research Union, in its “Implementation Recommendations for the Industry 4.0 Future Project”, proposes taking as a model the service-oriented architectures (SOAs), which support interlinked, re-usable applications. What’s your opinion of this proposal?

Bauernhansel: I’m very much in favour of it. Service-oriented architecture has been discussed since the early 1990s. It’s not such a huge innovation on the IT side, it’s been around for a very long time. Really, it only goes to show how sluggishly the “oh-so-innovative” software industry adopts new ideas of this kind.

 

A glance into the future: what might a vision of Industry 4.0 look like?

Bauernhansel: We decouple affluence and growth from resource consumption, and provide large amounts of the requisite technology through the Industry 4.0 initiative. The networking, the decentralisation and the communication capabilities will lead to high levels of efficiency.

 

Perhaps on the way there we need some new input: “Inspired by technology” is the watchword at the 4th VDMA Congress on “More Intelligent Production”, which is being held at the EMO Hannover for the first time this year. What inspirational insights are you expecting from this congress, and from the world’s premier trade fair for the metalworking sector?

Bauernhansel: Inspired and driven by innovative technologies, the resource-efficiency potential for all production factors can be upgraded within the framework of Industry 4.0. Technology, not renunciation, has to be our motto. From the EMO Hannover and the congress, I am expecting approaches in this direction for holistically conceived, sustainable production operations of the future.

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Hyundai Mobis to Launch an ‘Open Innovation Center’ in Silicon Valley

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Hyundai Mobis begins to make a full-fledged commitment to discover promising global startups and invest in them… Another center to be opened in Shenzhen, China during the first half of next year

Hyundai Mobis has established an “Open Innovation Center,” M.Cube, at Silicon Valley in the U.S. to speed up the search and investment in global startups that have new vehicle technologies such as self-driving.

Also, the company will expand its research branch in Shenzhen, China into M.Cube by adding an investment role to it. M.Cube embodies the company’s commitment to open innovation activities, creativity and incubation.

Hyundai Mobis will use M.Cube as its core base to discover and invest in startups with strong growth potential in the areas such as self-driving (sensors, logic, software platforms), connectivity (Infotainment, biometrics) and innovative new businesses (AI, vehicle security), to strengthen its technologies for future vehicles. To this end, it has appointed as the head of M.Cube Dr. Sean Ryu, who has more than 20 years of experience in startup investments in the US, and will continue to expand the organization.

The M.Cube that is being readied to launch in Shenzhen next year will become its base with a focus on AI and Big Data. Hyundai Mobis is expecting, together with Chinese startups, to secure core technologies for autonomous driving and connectivity optimized for the local market. Shenzhen, which used to be the Chinese mecca of manufacturing industry and has now been transformed into the hub of the 4th industrial revolution, is considered as the best place to discover outstanding startups.

Hyundai Mobis believes that M.Cube will be a win-win for both itself and startups. The company will invest in startups possessing creative ideas, and startups can explore their growth potential with the help of the company’s expertise in core auto components and infrastructure.

“We’ll not just simply invest in startups, but also actively support them with our R&D capabilities such as self-driving and connectivity,” said Jeong Soo-kyeong, Sr. Vice VP of Hyundai Mobis. “Collaboration will be facilitated so that the ideas of startups can be effectively developed into vehicle optimization.”

Meanwhile, Hyundai Mobis is actively promoting open innovation with Korean startups by carrying out events such as M.Start contest. It has recently invested in StradVision which features world-class, deep learning-based image recognition technology and also announced that it is considering engaging in joint research and development with Genesis Lab and Linkflow.

● Strengthening the strategic collaboration with Hyundai CRADLE… as many as a dozen investments will be made into global startups by next year

Hyundai Mobis M.Cube is strengthening its strategic collaboration with Hyundai CRADLE. Through this, it plans to make around a dozen investments in global startups by next year.

Hyundai CRADLE focuses on integration between technologies for future vehicles such as mobility service and smart city and finished vehicles, and M.Cube on investments in startups that possess core technologies such as self-driving and connectivity. It is a strategy where they will establish a value chain that starts from core technologies, auto components, finished vehicles to future vehicles, and increase investment efficiency.

Hyundai Mobis will expand its investment in startups by collaborating with Hyundai CRADLE in areas where M.Cube has not been established such as Israel, Europe and Asia. In particular, Israel has many startups that are strong in areas such as vehicle security and sensors, and support from the government and universities there is abundant. In France and Northern Europe, where entrepreneurial activities per capita are higher, auto component and mobility startups are expected to be the main investment targets.

● The synergy between open innovation and research centers in both Korea and overseas are expected to be increased

Hyundai Mobis is expecting notable synergy effects between M.Cube and research centers located in Korea and overseas. It aims to integrate R&D capabilities gained from these research centers and core technologies acquired through investment in startups.

Of particular note, last August, Hyundai Mobis invested in StradVision which has world-class image recognition technology, and announced that it plans to develop a deep learning-based camera by 2020. It will be an upgraded next-gen AI camera made through integrating ADAS, the self-driving technology of Hyundai Mobis and image recognition technology of StradVision.

Hyundai Mobis is currently operating a technology research institute in Korea and a total of four overseas institutes in areas such as North America, China, Germany and India. The institutes, where a total number of 3,000 researchers are working now, play a role in establishing a roadmap for overall R&D of the company. Its leading role is vital in the entire scope of R&D such as self-driving, eco-friendly products and chassis components.

The overseas institutes are carrying out customized R&D activities for each region. The institute in North America is developing prior art such as self-driving, the one in China is developing auto components for local vehicles, the one in Europe is making sensors and chassis components and the one in India is increasing its research capability specializing in software. Aside from this, the company also has a research institute in Vietnam that conducts analysis on self-driving data.

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Mitsui Chemicals POLYMETAC to Be Used in Lightweight Frames of New Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

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Aerosense's New Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

Lightweight and reduction of the number of parts lead to simple structure using metal resin integrally molded technology

Mitsui Chemicals Inc.(President & CEO: Tsutomu Tannowa) announced that the Group’s unique metal resin integral technology, POLYMETAC has been selected for use in the frames of new autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles which are currently being developed by Aerosense Inc. (CEO: Hisashi Taniguchi), a joint venture of Sony Mobile Communications Inc. and ZMP Inc.

POLYMETAC is Mitsui Chemicals’ completely new technology for strong adhesion and bonding of various metals and resins that was not possible using conventional methods.

Aerosense's New Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

Aerosense’s New Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

Out of Mitsui Chemicals’ numerous lightweight solutions, POLYMETAC cuts weight and helps to reduce the number of parts and steps in the manufacturing processes as well. It is a completely new technology that provides totally new hybrid solutions.

Mitsui Chemicals provides Aerosense with hybrid product of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) and aluminum joint parts made by its POLYMETAC technology and provides full support in shaping and designing the parts which will be used in the frame of aerial vehicle.

The new joint parts greatly enhance the structural rigidity of aerial vehicles while significantly reducing weight and providing simpler designs by eliminating the need for fasteners such as bolts.

“Our autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles provide solutions to various industrial needs. It is important that we are able to provide greater flight distances and improved performance by reducing weight and the number of parts while ensuring durability and strength of our aerial vehicles,” says Hisashi Taniguchi, CEO of Aerosense. “Mitsui Chemicals’ POLYMETAC technology makes it possible to extend flight distance by 40% providing our customers with greater added value.”

“POLYMETAC allows adhesion and bonding of various metals and resins, and for the current project, CFRP and aluminum parts were integrated by its technology,” says Akio Hirahara, General Manager of Mitsui Chemicals’ New Market Development (Automotive Materials) Division. “Mitsui Chemicals used its cutting edge simulation technology to design simple joint shapes with a single part which were originally composed of approximately 20 pieces. The technology contributes to a 50% weight reduction of joint parts while improving rigidity.”

Mitsui Chemicals will continue to pursue new uses and development of POLYMETACTM technology for state-of-the-art lightweight solutions in automotive and electrical applications.

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Arm launches Neoverse, infrastructure IP portfolio for 5G and cloud to edge infrastructure

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logo arm

Delivering the world-class performance, security, and scalability required to support the diverse compute requirements of the next-generation infrastructure from hyperscale to edge access

Last week at Arm TechCon, Arm disclosed details on a dedicated roadmap and new brand of infrastructure-class IP for 5G networks and next-generation cloud to edge infrastructure. Arm® Neoverse® solutions are uniquely designed for higher-levels of performance, security, and scalability not seen today. Innovation from microarchitecture design up through silicon, software, and systems will enable best-in-class solutions to address the diverse and evolving requirements across the entire compute spectrum.

Arm also provided a first look at its Neoverse processor IP roadmap, with early details on upcoming platforms optimized for leading-edge process nodes. The new roadmap is designed specifically for infrastructure, beginning with the launch of the “Ares” IP platform in early 2019 on 7nm and delivering staggering performance gains of 30 percent per generation through 2021. The Neoverse IP roadmap has been specifically architected for the unique performance, efficiency, and scalability requirements needed to keep up with changing data patterns, new workloads, and the ever-increasing demands of an infrastructure evolving to support a trillion intelligent devices.

arm 네오버스(neoverse)

arm 네오버스(neoverse)

“Today Arm is sending disruptive shockwaves across the cloud, networking and storage world as Arm Neoverse delivers the foundation for the new global infrastructure to enable a trillion connected devices,” said Drew Henry, senior vice president and general manager, Infrastructure Line of Business, Arm. “Arm Neoverse IP will enable a broad set of our ecosystem partners to transform infrastructure from cloud to edge and push compute to where it’s most needed, store data where most appropriate, and evolve networking to securely connect this complex world.”

In his TechCon keynote, Henry shared his vision for the new infrastructure and the diverse range of use cases Neoverse will address, including hyperscale cloud datacenters, storage solutions, and 5G networks. Arm Neoverse is based on guiding design principles centered around:

  • World-class high performance, secure IP and architectures purpose-built for cloud native and networked workloads
  • A highly-scalable set of IP optimized for leading-edge process nodes, including “Ares” (7nm), “Zeus” (7nm+), and “Poseidon” (5nm), designed to enable systems across the infrastructure
  • A robust ecosystem empowered to build unique and diverse solutions targeting a wide range of use-cases through leveraged investment in unified software, tools, and silicon platforms

“The modern datacenter is no longer a physical construct, but a center of data and compute residing in the cloud and on the edge. More than ever, organizations must consider distributed, connected datacenter design methods to support the data and devices coming in the 5G world,” said Patrick Moorhead, Principal Analyst, Moor Insights & Strategy. “Arm is one of those rapidly emerging in the market and with Arm Neoverse purpose-built IP, it should be well-positioned to support many of the compute spectrum needs from hyperscale to edge access.”

Designing IP and system architectures for focused markets such as server, automotive, and networking has been a key priority for Arm over the past year. In the infrastructure space specifically, Arm has already been successful as the largest architecture deployed in the global internet infrastructure with nearly 30%-unit share. This achievement highlights not only a shift in preferred architecture, but the pervasiveness of Arm-powered technologies across the entire infrastructure market.

The announcement of Neoverse underscores the continued investment Arm and the ecosystem are making to deliver more ubiquitous compute from the cloud to the edge while delivering world-class performance and efficiency for the next generation of distributed cloud to edge infrastructure.

arm 네오버스(neoverse)  Roadmap

arm 네오버스(neoverse) Roadmap

[Supplemental Quote]

Ampere

“Ampere is actively developing high-performance Arm-based server CPUs and platforms for the future of hyperscale, cloud, and edge computing,” said Rohit Vidwans executive vice president of Engineering at Ampere Computing. “We are excited about Arm’s commitment to growing the ecosystem of Arm products into new areas with the Neoverse announcement.”

 

Broadcom

“Combing Arm’s long-term infrastructure roadmap with Broadcom’s best in class networking technology, Broadcom delivers leadership performance products for the datacenter that are still power efficient. Arm’s roadmap enables optimizations that accelerate customer workloads for the evolving compute and connectivity requirements of tomorrow’s datacenter,” said Ed Redmond, senior vice president and general manager, Compute and Connectivity, Broadcom, Inc.

 

Marvell

“Marvell® Infrastructure Processors are extensively deployed in a variety of leading network products. They are designed to analyze, secure, compute, and transform in both wired and wireless networks from the edge to the core,” said Raj Singh, senior vice president and general manager, Infrastructure Processors BU, Marvell Semiconductor Inc. “As a long term technology licensee, as well as an Arm IP customer, Marvell is very pleased to see this increased focus on the enterprise and 5G markets with Neoverse IP. We believe this will greatly benefit the whole Arm ecosystem in providing high performance and power-efficient solutions for the next generation of network infrastructure and compute.”

 

RedHat

“Choice allows businesses to select the best solution for their needs, and this is true all the way down to the underlying architecture. It’s up to software vendors like Red Hat to be able to support this demand for choice from our customers as they extend operations into the hybrid cloud,” said Stefanie Chiras, vice president and general manager, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Red Hat. “With this emphasis on choice front and center, we look forward to supporting solutions from the Arm Neoverse ecosystem as our customers seek to match their evolving business requirements to the most appropriate enterprise IT solutions.”

 

TSMC

“Time to market in today’s rapidly evolving infrastructure requires proven, scalable IP, development tools, advanced processes, and a complete ecosystem to provide compelling solutions,” said Suk Lee, senior director of Design Infrastructure Marketing Division at TSMC. “The Arm Neoverse ecosystem leverages our most advanced processes to provide the highest performance solutions to a highly connected world.”

 

Xilinx

“High-performance IP, along with a complete ecosystem, enables customers to take full advantage of the flexibility inherent in our Arm-based products, said Gaurav Singh, vice president, architecture and verification, Xilinx. “The evolution of these cores, coupled with the capability of CCIX, provide an ideal platform for smart offload and purpose-driven edge compute platforms. We congratulate Arm on the launch of Neoverse and are looking forward to what it might enable.”

 

more info: https://www.arm.com/solutions/infrastructure

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